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Snoop
August 13th, 2007, 03:23 PM
I just heard a story about how the Island of Crete is drying up due to global warming. Some fool wants to build a golf course there which will help dry up all the water.

Crete is a Greek posession that has a long history of invasions and conquerors (most recently the Germans attacked Crete during WWII). Does anyone have a theory on why the Minoans disappeared around 1400 BC?

<TABLE class=content><TBODY><TR><TD class=content-top colSpan=2>The history of Crete

</TD></TR><TR><TD class=content-left><SCRIPT type=text/javascript><!--google_ad_client = "pub-9083029536413254";google_ad_width = 120;google_ad_height = 600;google_ad_format = "120x600_as";google_ad_type = "text_image";google_ad_channel ="3638758023";google_color_border = "FFF8E6";google_color_bg = "FFF8E6";google_color_link = "006699";google_color_url = "006699";google_color_text = "000000";//--></SCRIPT><SCRIPT src="http://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/show_ads.js" type=text/javascript> </SCRIPT>
</TD><TD class=content><TABLE class=content-main><TBODY><TR><TD colSpan=2>Out in the dark blue sea there lies an island called Crete, a rich and lovely land, washed by the waves on every side, densely peopled and boasting ninety cities.
Homer Odyssey 19, 172-174

Crete had the first European civilization over 4000 years ago with the Minoans. Once this civilization came to an end around 1400 BC. Why is still not clear and theories abound.
From then on, Crete was invaded by all the neighbours, starting with the Mycenean, then the Dorians and later the Romans. The fall of the Roman Empire put Crete under the rule of the Byzantine Empire and Christianity was further established.
The Arabs invaded and conquered Crete in the 8th - 9th century, it was taken back by Byzance and eventually sold to the Venetians in the early 13th century. The rule of the Venetians prevailed until 1669 when the island surrendered to the Turks. Turkish rule lasted until 1898 when Crete was placed under international administration. In 1913, Crete was officially attached to Greece.
This amazingly rich history is well beyond the scope of this web site but there are a few good links listed below.

Tournet (http://www.crete.tournet.gr/IntroTOC.jdp?lang=en) - an excellent and detailed history section in several languages
A brief history of Crete (http://hep.physics.uch.gr/HistCrete.htm) - by Spyros Koutsoupakis, is a good overview of Cretan history
The Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean (http://tenaya.cs.dartmouth.edu/history/bronze_age/) - an in-depth study of the period
Minoan Crete (http://www.uk.digiserve.com/mentor/minoan/index.htm) - excellent information
Images of the palace of Knossos (http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/knossos/knossos.html)
Women in Minoan culture (http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/MINOA/WOMEN.HTM)
The history of plumbing in Crete (http://www.theplumber.com/crete.html) - Crete had plumbing at a time where most of our ancestors were still living in caves
Wall paintings in Crete (http://www.home.zonnet.nl/fresco.crete/index.htm) - a personal site about Byzantine wall paintings on Crete. Excellent!
Operation Merkur (http://www.geocities.com/CapeCanaveral/Hangar/4602/kreta.htm) - The German invasion of Crete
The Battle of Crete, 1941 (http://www.crete-1941.org.uk/) - very informative site about the Battle of Crete

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The history of Crete (http://www.west-crete.com/cretan-history.htm)
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manise
August 13th, 2007, 05:10 PM
Does anyone have a theory on why the Minoans disappeared around 1400 BC? Many archaeologists favor the volcanic eruption theory. The Thera Volcano erupted on what is now called Santorini Island. Scientists found evidence of 50 foot tidal waves, large ash falls, and widespread crop failures from changes in global temperatures.

But nobody knows for sure why the Minoans disappeared completely. It probably involved a combination of natural catastrophe and shifting maritime trade networks to Greek ports.

New finds link Thera volcano eruption to collapse of Minoan civilization (http://www.greekembassy.org/Embassy/content/en/Article.aspx?office=2&folder=363&article=12189)

FruitandNut
September 2nd, 2007, 12:13 AM
Snoop - If the idiot builds the golf course, then get over there and play a round or two while the greens are still green, then take in a tour of it's past civilisations; before you have to take water supplies with you.

My old (sainted) daddy once visited Crete, but got rudely booted out by the German Army, after having been bombed and shot at by the Luftwaffe first. The Luftwaffe and the Italian Airforce then kept in attendance (dropping bombs and torpedoes) during his voyage back to Egypt. I hope something similar does not befall the golfers!

maklelan
September 8th, 2007, 11:48 AM
If you look at ancient Near Eastern history there is a large and aggressive migration of westerners coming east from the sea across Anatolia, down the Levant and eventually to Egypt. They are generally referred to in the historical records as the "Sea Peoples," and they are thought to have hit the Levant around 1200 BCE. The generally accepted theory is that the massive migrations, which most likely included the Minoans, were caused by natural disasters, drought and famine. The civilizations were not yet so set in their sedentary ways that they couldn't just pick up and move. The Philistines of the biblical record are thought by some to be a remnant of the Minoan civilization. Their material culture is very similar, but their artwork shows much less erudition, thus the insult that one who cares little for art is a "Philistine."

Sea Peoples - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_Peoples#Hypotheses_about_the_Sea_Peoples)

Philistines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philistines#Origin_of_the_Philistines)