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  1. #1
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    Today in History

    This is a new sticky thread which I will update each day, listing several events from the past that happened on the same date. Feel free to correct or add to this list. This thread is open to both discussion and debate. Also feel free to list, discuss or debate any holidays which occur or used to occur on the date under discussion.

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    February 17th

    In ancient Latvia, Tanis Diena was a sacred holiday held on February 17. It was held in honor of pigs and was transferred to the feast day of St. Anthony after Christianization.

    A pig's head was placed atop a stone to protect the people from thunder and lightning. During the day, the townsfolk went to pig pens and sang songs glorifying the fertility of the pig. At lunch, a pig's head and feet were eaten and the remains were buried where the pigs would be herded the following year. Sewing or other needle-work was strictly prohibited, as was drinking in the home. A foggy day indicated floods; a sunny day indicated a good barley crop; a dry day indicated drought, and vice versa.

    The holiday was alternatively known as Tena Diena, Tunna Diena, Tenisa Diena, Cukausu Diena, and Kunga Diena ("man's day").

    ================================================== ======

    * 1801 - The U.S. House of Representatives elected Thomas Jefferson as President and Aaron Burr as Vice President of the United States, resolving an electoral tie in the 1800 presidential election.

    * 1854 - Britain recognized the independence of the Orange Free State in the present-day Free State Province, South Africa.

    * 1895 - The ballet Swan Lake was first performed at full length with music by Tchaikovsky in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

    * 1959 - Vanguard 2, the first weather satellite, was launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.

    * 1979 - About 120,000 troops of the People's Liberation Army of China crossed into northern Vietnam, starting the Sino-Vietnamese War.
    Last edited by KevinBrowning; February 22nd, 2005 at 02:16 PM.

  2. #2
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    Re: Today in History

    1854 - Britain recognized the independence of the Orange Free State in the present-day Free State Province, South Africa.
    This one confused me - orange as in citrus fruit?

    The first thing I read was the origin of the Feast of St. Anthony. In NYC they celebrated this day with gusto down in Little Italy. Also in the Italian section of the Bronx - I used to love those sausages smothered in onions.

    Sewing or other needle-work was strictly prohibited,
    why is that??

    The holiday was alternatively known as Tena Diena, Tunna Diena, Tenisa Diena, Cukausu Diena, and Kunga Diena ("man's day").
    I love those alternate names - what is Womans Day called???
    While laughing at others stupidity, you may want to contemplate your own comedic talents. (link)
    Disclaimer: This information is being provided for informational, educational, and entertainment purposes only.

  3. #3
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    Re: Today in History

    Snoopy - A potted history of the Orange Free State.

    1/ The royal house of Holland is the 'House of Orange' (As in 'William of Orange' and the politics of Protestanism expressed through 'The Orange Order' in Northern Ireland).

    2/ The early 'white' settlers were Dutch decendants of people that manned their 17th century trading, replenishing and ships' chandlery outposts positioned around the (Southern African) trade route - and later settlers from Holland. There language was based on Dutch, but developed into what is referred to as Afrikaans. They are referred to as Afrikaners or Boers.

    3/ The Brits. also had an interest in maritime protection and provision and also settled. After Nelson's defeat of the Dutch Fleet in the Battle of Copenhagen 2nd April 1801 the British settlers gained ascendancy over the Afrikaner. This ascendancy to some of the Boers became a tryanny, especially when British law affected their use of slaves and critised the extreme 'religious' views of the 'Afrikaaner' church in regard to seeing black Africans as being little higher in the evolutionary tree than monkeys.

    4/ Those who wanted to free themselves of British rule and interference made a famous Great Trek/Voortrek away from British territory and northward into Zulu territories around Natal. There were clashes with Zulu Impis (Regiments) that culminated in a big (one sided) battle on 16th.Dec. 1838, known as Blood River because the river flowed red with the blood of dead and dying Zulu warriors. The main area they settled into and started farming, was named the Freistaat Orange or Orange Free State. The Brits. eventually caught up with them which culminated in the Boer War that forced the Brits out of their Redcoats because they were sitting/or standing ducks to Boer marksmen armed with Mausers.

    5/ Eventually the Orange Free State was incorporated into what became the modern South Africa or Suid Afrika in Afrikaans.
    Last edited by FruitandNut; February 18th, 2005 at 04:43 AM.
    "We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are." - Anais Nin.
    Emitte lucem et veritatem - Send out light and truth.
    'Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt' - Julius Caesar (rough translation, 'Men will think what they want to think')
    Kill my boss? Do I dare live out the American dream? - Homer Simpson.

  4. #4
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    Re: Today in History

    February 18th

    Independence Day in The Gambia, (1965)

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    * 1861 - With the Italian unification almost complete, King Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumed the title as King of Italy.

    * 1861 - Jefferson Davis was inaugurated as the first (and only) President of the Confederate States of America.

    * 1885 - The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain was first published. It was both praised and banned shortly thereafter.

    * 1932 - The Empire of Japan established Manchukuo, a puppet state in northeastern China during the Sino-Japanese War.

    * 1943 - Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's Propaganda Minister, delivered the Sportpalast speech to motivate the German people when the tide of World War II was turning against Germany.
    Last edited by KevinBrowning; February 22nd, 2005 at 02:18 PM.

  5. #5
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    Re: Today in History

    Now if I only knew where Gambia is ....
    While laughing at others stupidity, you may want to contemplate your own comedic talents. (link)
    Disclaimer: This information is being provided for informational, educational, and entertainment purposes only.

  6. #6
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    Re: Today in History

    Snoopy - (The) Gambia is one of the numerous ex British colonies. It is in the vicinity of Ghana (an ex colony) on the west coast 'Gold Coast' of Africa north of Nigeria (yes, another ex colony).
    "We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are." - Anais Nin.
    Emitte lucem et veritatem - Send out light and truth.
    'Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt' - Julius Caesar (rough translation, 'Men will think what they want to think')
    Kill my boss? Do I dare live out the American dream? - Homer Simpson.

  7. #7
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    Re: Today in History

    1546 - Martin Luther died.
    1564 - Michelangelo died.
    1930 - The planet 'Pluto' discovered.
    "We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are." - Anais Nin.
    Emitte lucem et veritatem - Send out light and truth.
    'Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt' - Julius Caesar (rough translation, 'Men will think what they want to think')
    Kill my boss? Do I dare live out the American dream? - Homer Simpson.

  8. #8
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    Re: Today in History

    February 18th in WWII

    1944:
    - US Marines begin landings on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands
    - Germans repulse renewed Allied attacks at Cassino
    - Heaviest night raid on London since the 1941 Blitz
    - Germans advance at Anzio, but are halted by Allied artillery fire
    - HMS Penelope torpedoed and sunk off Naples by U-410 (Oblt. Horst-Arno Fenski, Knights Cross). This was the last British cruiser loss of the war.
    - Road tolls in Britain for 1943 announced to be 5,796; the majority of which occured during blackout.

    1945:
    - Allies torpedo German cruise liner leaving Danzig for Denmark carrying 5,000 refugees and 3,800 U-Boat personnel: only 1,000 people are reported saved.
    No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land.
    - The Magna Carta, 1225

  9. #9
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    Re: Today in History

    February 19th

    Aashurah in Shi'a Islam
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * 1674 - The Third Anglo-Dutch War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Westminster.

    * 1942 - Air raids on Darwin: The capital of Northern Territory, Australia was devastated by 242 bombers and fighters of the Imperial Japanese Navy.

    * 1942 - U.S. Executive Order 9066 was signed, authorising the relocation and confinement of over 112,000 Japanese Americans.

    * 1985 - BBC1 first screens EastEnders in the United Kingdom.

    * 1986 - The Soviet Union launched the space station Mir, the first long-term research station in space.
    Last edited by KevinBrowning; February 22nd, 2005 at 02:20 PM.

  10. #10
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    Re: Today in History

    OK Kevin - who are the EastEnders? I heared of the East Side Kids from lower Manhattan (remember Satch and Mugsy).

    Mir is still up there or did it come down yet?

    I can't keep up with all this history!
    While laughing at others stupidity, you may want to contemplate your own comedic talents. (link)
    Disclaimer: This information is being provided for informational, educational, and entertainment purposes only.

  11. #11
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    Re: Today in History

    Quote Originally Posted by SnoopCitySid
    OK Kevin - who are the EastEnders? I heared of the East Side Kids from lower Manhattan (remember Satch and Mugsy).

    Mir is still up there or did it come down yet?

    I can't keep up with all this history!
    To give credit where it's due, all of these historical facts are from www.Wikipedia.com.

    "EastEnders is a popular BBC television soap opera. It was first broadcast on February 19, 1985.

    The show started airing on the first night of a major ident change for the channel, with the show representing the "new face" of the BBC. Critics first derided the new offering, as it was clear that BBC wished to bridge the gap between the network and its competitor, ITV. One news source went as far as to accuse the channel of only having the guts to air the soap after Patricia Phoenix, England's premier soap diva, left Coronation Street."

    "Mir (Мир, which can mean both world and peace in Russian) was a highly successful Soviet (and later Russian) space station. It was humanity's first permanently inhabited long-term research station in space. Through a number of collaborations, it was made internationally accessible to cosmonauts and astronauts of many different countries. Mir was assembled in orbit by successively connecting several modules, each launched separately from February 19, 1986 to 1996. The station existed until March 23, 2001, at which point it was deliberately de-orbited."

  12. #12
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    Re: Today in History

    I used to get these facts in an e-mail from Nandotimes.com

    Thanks Kevin - I just like to act silly sometimes - but I learn something in the process.
    While laughing at others stupidity, you may want to contemplate your own comedic talents. (link)
    Disclaimer: This information is being provided for informational, educational, and entertainment purposes only.

  13. #13
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    Re: Today in History

    The East End of London used to be where the 'Cockneys' lived, now it is mainly inhabited with non European immigrants. It is an area that has attracted immigrants for hundreds of years, but now it is a bit 'swamped'.
    "We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are." - Anais Nin.
    Emitte lucem et veritatem - Send out light and truth.
    'Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt' - Julius Caesar (rough translation, 'Men will think what they want to think')
    Kill my boss? Do I dare live out the American dream? - Homer Simpson.

  14. #14
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    Re: Today in History

    February 19th in WWII

    1940:
    - HMS Daring torpedoed and sunk; 157 crew killed

    1943:
    - First Chindit action against the Japanese in Burma
    - Two day U-boat attack on convoy ON116 in the North Atlantic ends; 15 ships are sunk
    - U-268 sunk; all hands lost
    - U-562 sunk; all hands lost

    1944:
    - Japanese convoy destroyed by Allied aircraft in the Bismarck Archipelago
    - Danish resistance destroys rail lines around Aachus
    - RAF bombs Liepzig; 823 bombers drop 2,300 tons of explosive, 78 bombers are shot down
    - U-264 sunk
    - U-386 sunk

    1945:
    - 30,000 US Marines storm Iwo Jima, suffering 2,420 casualties on this first day
    - U-676 sunk; all hands lost
    No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land.
    - The Magna Carta, 1225

  15. #15
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    Re: Today in History

    February 20th.

    1792 - President Washington signed act that created the US Post Office.

    1809 - Supreme Court ruled it's supremacy over any given state.

    1839 - Abolitionist Frederick Douglass died.

    1933 - House of Representatives completed congressional proceedure on an ammendment to Prohibition repeal.

    1944 - US 8th Air Force launched the 'Big Week' bombing offensive against German Industrial targets.

    1965 - Ranger8 crashes on Moon after sending back thousands of pictures of the lunar terrain.
    Last edited by FruitandNut; February 20th, 2005 at 08:22 AM.
    "We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are." - Anais Nin.
    Emitte lucem et veritatem - Send out light and truth.
    'Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt' - Julius Caesar (rough translation, 'Men will think what they want to think')
    Kill my boss? Do I dare live out the American dream? - Homer Simpson.

  16. #16
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    Re: Today in History

    February 20th

    * 1472 - James III of Scotland annexed the Orkney and Shetland Islands from Denmark-Norway.

    * 1810 - Andreas Hofer, a Tyrolean patriot and the leader of a rebellion against Napoleon's forces, was executed.

    * 1913 - King O'Malley drove in the first survey peg to mark the commencement of work on the construction of Canberra, Australia.

    * 1959 - The Avro Arrow supersonic jet fighters programme in Canada was cancelled by the Diefenbaker government.

    * 1965 - The Ranger 8 spacecraft successfully transmitted 7,137 photographs of the moon in the final 23 minutes of its mission before crashing in Mare Tranquillitatis.
    Last edited by KevinBrowning; February 22nd, 2005 at 02:22 PM.

  17. #17
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    Re: Today in History

    February 20th in WWII

    1940:
    - U-54 sunk, all hands lost

    1943:
    - Heavy fighting in Tunisia as Rommel smashes through US lines at Kasserine Pass

    1944:
    - The Admiralty announces conclusion of an 11 day U-boat battle in the Straits of Gibraltar, 3 submarines sunk and several damaged
    - 'Big Week' commences with the USAAF's largest daylight attack, 2,000 ton RAF night raid on Stuttgart

    1945:
    - RAF launches first of 36 consecutive night raids on Berlin
    - U-683 sunk, all hands lost
    - U-869 sunk, all hands lost
    - U-1276 sunk, all hands lost
    No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgement of his equals or by the law of the land.
    - The Magna Carta, 1225

  18. #18
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    Re: Today in History

    February 21st

    International Mother Language Day; Presidents' Day in the United States and Family Day in Alberta (2005)
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    * 1613 - Mikhail I was elected unanimously by the Zemsky Sobor to become Tsar, beginning the Romanov dynasty in Imperial Russia.

    * 1804 - Built by Richard Trevithick, the first self-propelled steam engine or locomotive first ran in Wales.

    * 1848 - The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels was first published.

    * 1952 - Protesters in Dhaka, East Pakistan walked into military fire in demand of the establishment of the Bengali language as an official language.

    * 1965 - Black nationalist Malcolm X was assassinated in New York City by members of the Nation of Islam.

  19. #19
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    Re: Today in History

    February 22nd

    Independence Day in Saint Lucia (1979)
    -----------------------------------------------------------------
    * 1819 - By the Adams-Onís Treaty, Spain sold Florida to the United States for five million U.S. dollars.

    * 1943 - Members of the White Rose Society were found guilty of treason and guillotined by the Nazi regime in Germany.

    * 1956 - Heartbreak Hotel propelled Elvis Presley onto the music charts.

    * 1980 - The United States defeated the Soviet Union in Olympic ice hockey – an unlikely victory dubbed the Miracle on Ice.

    * 1997 - Scientists at the Roslin Institute in Scotland announced the birth of a cloned sheep named Dolly.

  20. #20
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    Re: Today in History

    Being a Yorkshireman, I empathise and identify strongly with 'Die Weisse Rose' as the White Rose is our County emblem. Hans and Sophie Scholl, Alexander Schmorell, Christoph Probst, Prof. Kurt Huber and others were extraordinarily brave to face up to Hitler's tyranny.

    1879 - F,W, Woolworth opened his first 'Five Cent Store'.
    1924 - Calvin Coolidge made the first Presidential broadcast from the Whitehouse.
    1935 - Overflying of the Whitehouse banned.
    1991 - Bush snr. threatens war against Iraq if it does not quit Kuwait.
    Last edited by FruitandNut; February 22nd, 2005 at 02:54 PM.
    "We don't see things as they are, we see them as we are." - Anais Nin.
    Emitte lucem et veritatem - Send out light and truth.
    'Fere libenter homines id quod volunt credunt' - Julius Caesar (rough translation, 'Men will think what they want to think')
    Kill my boss? Do I dare live out the American dream? - Homer Simpson.

 

 
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